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196 countries unite to protect nature

07/19/2021 at 1:30 PM CEST

Preserve and protect nature and stop the extinction of many species it is the goal of an ambitious plan by the Secretariat of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). It is called the Global Framework for Nature Management, it contains 21 targets to be met by 2030 and has been published on the eve of the historic climate conference to be held in November in the United Kingdom, COP26. It has created a global alliance: it has already been approved by the 196 countries that make up the CBD, including Spain.

The plan pursues slow down the loss of biodiversity and guide and harmonize the measures adopted around the world to “preserve and protect nature and its essential services”.

In short, slow down and reverse the ecological destruction of the Earth by the end of this decade and that humans can live in harmony with nature in 2050.

The project includes a plan for protect at least 30% of the world’s land and marine areas, halve the loss of nutrients in the environment and eliminate plastic waste.

Reduce the number of endangered species

Reduce the number of endangered species“The draft aims to promote urgent action to be carried out by governments and all of society, including indigenous peoples and local communities,” said the executive secretary of the Convention, Elizabeth Maruma mrema.

One of the project’s goals is to expand ecosystems by 15% to maintain healthy and resilient populations of all species and reduce the number of endangered species to 10 times less than today.

It would therefore be possible to reduce the number of species that are in danger of disappearing to about 500, since according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), there are currently about 5,200 species in danger of extinction: 25% of mammals and amphibians, 34% of fish, 20% of reptiles and 11% of birds.

But first, by the year 2030, it is intended to safeguard 90% of the genetic diversity of wild and domesticated species.

The Framework for protecting nature and preserving biodiversity, which has been in development for more than two years, will be fine-tuned during online consultations between governments later this summer.

It will then be presented with a view to negotiating the final text at a key summit of the meeting of the 196 parties to the Convention in the Chinese city of Kunming.

Recover natural ecosystems by 2050

Recover natural ecosystems by 2050“Urgent political action is needed at the global, regional and national levels to transform economic, social and financial models, so that the trends that have aggravated the loss of biodiversity stabilize by 2030 and allow the recovery of natural ecosystems in the next twenty years, with net improvements by 2050 & rdquor ;, affirmed Maruma Mrema.

The key goals to protect nature and biodiversity include:

-To assure that at least 30% of the world’s terrestrial and marine areas (especially those of particular importance to biodiversity and its contributions to people) are conserved through effective protected area systems, managed equitably, ecologically representative and well connected (and other effective area-based areas). conservation measures).

­–Prevent or reduce the rate of introduction and establishment of invasive alien species by 50% and control or eradicate these species to eliminate or reduce their impacts.

-Reduce pollution from all sources to levels that are not detrimental to biological diversity and ecosystem functions or to human health; Y lessen the loss of nutrients to the environment by at least half, pesticides by at least two thirds and eliminating the dumping of plastic waste.

-Use Ecosystem-based approaches to contribute to climate change mitigation and adaptation, contributing at least 10 gigatons of CO2 equivalent per year to mitigation; Y to guarantee that all mitigation and adaptation efforts avoid negative impacts on biodiversity.

–Redirect, reuse, reform or eliminate incentives harmful to biodiversity in a fair and equitable way, reducing them by at least $ 500 billion per year.

-Increase financial resources from all sources by at least $ 200 billion per year and increase international financial flows to developing countries by at least $ 10 billion per year to developing countries.

-To guarantee that all areas dedicated to agriculture, aquaculture and forestry are managed in a sustainable way, in particular through the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity, increasing the productivity and resilience of these production systems.

Maintain and increase nature’s contributions to regulating air quality, water quality and quantity, and protecting against risks and extreme events for the benefit of all people

-Increase the area of ​​green and blue spaces in urban and other densely populated areas, the access to those spaces, and the benefits they provide for human health and well-being.

Draft draft of the Global Framework for Biodiversity: https://www.cbd.int/doc/c/0671/4456/ff4979877c8a9a910912689e/wg2020-03-03-es.pdf

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