07/20/2021 at 5:00 PM CEST
On summer many change their habits and, what also changes accordingly, is the Health digestive.
Holidays, trips, meals out, picnics on the beach and, in general, many excesses that do not occur at other times of the year, they take their toll.
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In addition, in the summer months the temperature and humidity increase, which motivates them to grow germs and toxins in food.
Therefore, you have to extreme precautions when cooking and preserving food if we want to avoid being attacked by any of these unwanted bacteria.
Poisoning, gas or bingeing: avoid them this holidays
The food poisoning caused by pathogens (bacteria, viruses & mldr;) are the most common intestinal problems, but they are not the only ones.
The constipation, the gluttony by excessive meals, gases wave acidity Stomach problems can also affect digestive health.
In this sense, food poisoning are diseases that are produced by ingesting a contaminated food.
Most are mild illnesses that heal after a few days, with rest and drinking plenty of fluids.
There are many germs that cause them, mainly bacteria. These are the ones that most often contaminate food during the summer.
Highlights the salmonella, these pathogens can contaminate animal foods such as eggs, mayonnaise, poultry or milk.
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Salmonellosis produces sudden fever, nausea, abdominal pain, diarrhea and sometimes vomiting. The illness lasts from 2 to 7 days.
Also in summer the campylobacteriosis, which contaminates the meat of the animal while it is still alive. The foods in which it grows are: chicken, beef and pork.
Its most frequent symptoms are diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever, headache, nausea and vomiting. They appear 1 to 10 days after ingesting the bacteria and last 3 to 6 days.
You can not miss the dreaded anisakis, a parasite found in fish and cephalopods (squid, octopus, or cuttlefish, for example).
In summer, beach destinations are the most popular and the consumption of these foods is increasing, so you have to extreme precautions.
This parasite can cause anisakiasis, which affects the digestive system and causes nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain within hours of eating.
It may interest you: Anisakis: is it easy to avoid?
But, as we’ve noted, it’s not just these bacteria that attack digestive health. Big feasts, for example, are a perfect cocktail for gases.
An increase in gas in the stomach is usually due to swallowing a large amount of air. That can happen if we eat very quickly, without chewing well, or if we talk while we eat.
Similarly, this can cause heartburn, a burning sensation that appears in the chest or throat.
Tips to combat these digestive problems
In hot months, maintaining good digestive health is highly dependent on the prevention.
Although we are almost experts on this subject, it should be remembered that we must wash your hands well after using the bathroom, blowing your nose, taking out the trash, touching an animal, or changing diapers.
Poisonings occur when microorganisms they reach the food, often from the feces.
If we go to the bathroom and do not wash our hands well, we can pass these microorganisms to another person by touching them or leaving them in the toilet. food that we are cooking.
If, on the other hand, they are going to be consumed raw food (for example, a fruit) is very important wash them well before.
Likewise, it is necessary clean utensils kitchen utensils that have come into contact with raw food.
The best way to completely eliminate pathogens is cook food correctly.
Make sure that the meat and fish are well done and that the eggs have the bud totally Curd.
To avoid the anisakisSpecifically, the fish must be properly cooked for at least 2 minutes at more than 60ºC.
In addition to this, it is necessary to conserve food in good condition, many of them require to be chilled or frozen.
In summer, it is very important to check the temperature of the fridge and keep it below 4.4 degrees.
The freezer, to preserve most foods, the better below -18 degrees.
Yes the cold chain is broken (if a refrigerated product has been left out of the fridge), we run the risk of poisoning. In this case, it is better discard it directly.
Poisonings can also be due to water contamination. It is best to always drink bottled water and avoid any natural source if we are not sure it is drinkable.
Another liquid that can play tricks is the milk. If we are not sure that a dairy is pasteurized, it is better not to consume it.
In addition to remembering that we must keep eating healthy on vacation, maintain good hydration levels and drink Water without waiting to be thirsty.
In addition, the alcohol. This liquid increases dehydration, a factor that motivates constipation.
It may interest you: Do you have constipation? Do you know how to prevent it?
Finally, to avoid aerophagia (swallowing too much air), do not speak fast or shout during the meal.
after one copious food or eating any food that makes us generate gas, it helps to take infusions of fennel, chamomile or mint.