Texting or SMS seems to be living a new youth. Born in 1992, they have survived to this day despite the massive use of messaging apps such as WhatsApp or Telegram. Although its use among users is practically marginal, with some exceptions, we receive SMS for a multitude of services. For example, when performing a 2-step authentication with our bank. Or, receive parcel delivery notifications or a medical appointment reminder. Also, unfortunately, it is used as a means of phishing.
How was the SMS born?
It was the turbulent 80s, specifically 1984, when a Finnish engineer had the idea of establishing a simple and fast communication system for mobile networks, which were in the development phase. Little by little the idea is cooking in the working group of Matti makkonen, which was his name, since he passed away in 2015. It is German Friedhelm Hillebran who matured the idea in 1985 and with it the protocol was established and what SMS is shaped is shaped. 160 characters with which to communicate. The inclusion of this figure is not accidental, since it is adapted to the sizes of the screens and the concept of simplicity and immediacy. It is not about sending a long message, but something clear and concise.
But for now, we have to wait until the beginning of December 1992 for the first text message to be sent, a concise Merry Christmas from a programmer to a friend, who receives it on his device. Not, do not think that it was a precisely portable phone, but an Orbitel 901. He used his computer and the Vodafone network in the UK for this.
Not between users
Interestingly, at first it was not possible for users to send SMS to each other, but these messages were intended for operators to communicate through information to users. It was the Finnish Nokia that enabled the dispatch between its customers in 1993, and later, in 1999, it was already possible to communicate between different operators. Regulations in the field of telephony were not like now.
The golden years of SMS came with the turn of the millennium. We used them for almost everything, usually to congratulate the holidays, send jokes or jokes or communicate feelings. This led to the generation of the SMS language, which took advantage of abbreviations to to condense the maximum of information in a single shipment. Yes, SMS had, and still have in some operators, an economic cost.