Coronavirus —

The check for $ 110 that the Brazilian government distributes to informal workers has contributed to Jair Bolsonaro increasing its approval

The $ 110 check that he Brazilian government distribute to informal workers has contributed to Jair Bolsonaro increase its electoral base in impoverished layers of the country, despite the deterioration of the image of the president for his management of the COVID-19.

The latest polls on the popularity of Bolsonaro, a ruler skeptical about the seriousness of the coronavirus, reveal a change in its support base in Brazil, one of the countries most affected by the pathogen, registering almost 331 thousand infections and 21 thousand deaths.

Although it has come to consider COVID-19 a “flu”And has encouraged crowds against the indications of the health authorities, the president still maintains about a third of the favorable electorate, according to the latest surveys.

Within that percentage are the most faithful and immovable, about 15 percent, while the rest are made up of a more volatile base in which surprising increases in approvals in northeast Brazil, one of the most impoverished regions of the country.

There, the historic redoubt of the leftist Workers Party (PT) and where Bolsonaro was defeated in the second round of the 2018 elections by Fernando Haddad (PT) by almost 70 percent of the votes, the one known as “coronavoucher“Has penetrated.

The 600 reais of aid (about 110 dollars at the current exchange rate) captivated a part of the informal, but also the ironclad defense of the ruler upon returning to work and at the end of the quarantines decreed by Local and regional governments.

And all this despite the logistical difficulty of distributing the “coronavouchers” among some 50 million Brazilians, who, as the president has warned, may begin to die of “hunger and despair” if the confinement is prolonged.

Brazil is one of the most unequal countries in the world and has half of its 210 million inhabitants with an income of less than $ 250 a month.

Bolsonaro

In Recife, the capital of the state of Pernambuco and the second largest city in the northeast, President Bolsonaro won supporters, mostly desperate people who depend on the help provided by the Government or survive on the informality now clubbed by containment measures.

Afro-Brazilian bricklayer Antonio Carlos Nascimento, 48, commented that for those who live from day to day, relief “alleviates” part of the needs and that Bolsonaro, despite “saying many wrong things”, is acting “correctly” because many people “have opened a business and cannot function since this pandemic began.”

“How are they going to survive with closed trade? That is why I fully agree with the things he does and in that sense I agree with him in quotes,” said Nascimento.

For Mario Belarmino de Oliveira, 65, who manufactures sandals and sells them as a street vendor, the aid came in “congratulations” and the reopening of the trade proposed by Bolsonaro can occur under conditions of “sanitation” and the “use of masks correctly”.

“This disease is not a game, it is something serious, only someone who lost a loved relative because of it knows it. But people say Bolsonaro is crazy and he is not crazy, he knows what he is saying. Our country is going into crisis and until we recover from this crisis there are many years ahead, “he said.

According to artisanal fisherman Eduardo Nunes de Souza, 49, the government was right to benefit fishermen who do not receive unemployment insurance for the low season of lobster, which is the segment covered by this subsidy, with aid.

“Not all of us fish for lobster. Those who fish for shellfish, fish, marlin and also some who fish for lobster, but who do not have the documents, received this money, ”said Nunes de Souza, who praised the attitude of the president.

The numbers

The latest survey by the MDA Institute and the National Transport Confederation (CNT) shows that the rejection of Bolsonaro’s management it shot up from 31 percent of the Brazilian population registered in January to 43 percent this month.

However, the approval of the president remains practically intact, since the Brazilians who classify “Good” or “optimal” his Administration went from representing 34.5 percent to 32 percent in the same period.

According to specialists, Bolsonaro has offset the fall in support among citizens with higher incomes and schooling by new supports from voters who only attended elementary school and have a lower income.

“Bolsonaro lost the high-income and high-school electors due to his position in the fight against the pandemic” and proof of this are the “spontaneous caceroladas” that occurred at the beginning of the pandemic “in the middle and upper class neighborhoods of the country , who voted for it en masse ”, recalled the political scientist Alberto Almeida.

These same conclusions were ratified by a recent survey carried out by Vox Populi and commissioned by the PT, the former president’s party. Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva.

The data from this latest study, released by Veja magazine, shows that, in the northeast of the country, support for the Brazilian president grew 15 percentage points between December 2019 and April 2020, when government approval jumped from 12 percent to 27 percent.

Among low-income voters, the percentages skyrocketed from 16 percent to 34 percent, while, among those with training up to basic education, the president was approved by 42 percent (in December it was 18 percent). hundred).

According to Almeida, the “coronavoucher” was decisive for the leader of the extreme right to win sympathy among the poorest population in Brazil because many of the families that before the arrival of the COVID-19 benefiting from an average of 200 reais a month (about $ 35) through the Bolsa de Familia program, they saw their income “triple each month.”

However, according to the specialist, there is a “great probability” that these people “will change their evaluation in relation to the Bolsonaro government” once the term of this aid ends.

With information from EFE