The announcement of an experimental vaccine against COVID-19 and the change of position of the United States on the confinement in the country brought a little hope this Monday to America, where the confirmed cases of coronavirus already exceed 180,000.

Amid uncertainty about the global expansion of the pandemic and despite the increase in deaths throughout the region, the announcement by a pharmacist about the beginning in September of human tests on its experimental vaccine against COVID-19 has been the news positive, or at least that was evidenced by Wall Street.

According to the world map that shows the evolution in real time of the pandemic, digitally prepared by Johns Hopkins University, the United States is the country in the world with the highest number of confirmed cases with about 160,000, while deaths already total almost 3,000.

In the world there are already 777,282 cases, 37,140 deaths and 164,446 people recovered from the disease. In Latin America, Brazil continues to be the one with the highest number of confirmed cases, with 4,579, followed by Chile (2,449), Ecuador (1,962), Mexico (993), Panama (989), Peru (950), Argentina (820) and Colombia. (798).


A HOPE FOR SEPTEMBER

Pharmaceutical company Johnson & Johnson (J&J) announced Monday that it will begin testing its experimental COVID-19 vaccine in humans in September and that it could be ready for emergency use in early 2021.

The pharmaceutical company has invested more than $ 1 billion in association with the Federal Authority for Development and Advanced Biomedical Research, which reports to the US Department of Health, for the implementation of this solution that began in January.


TRUMP CHANGES ITS STRATEGY

Until a few days ago, the US president, Donald Trump, had stated his intention to “reopen” the United States on April 12, however this Sunday he retracted and extended until 30 of that month the measures to combat the coronavirus crisis, on which predicted that the country will begin to recover in early June.

This change in position may contribute to containing the advance of the pandemic in critical points such as New York State, which accounts for a large part of those infected in the country with nearly 66,000 confirmed cases and 1,200 deaths.

Governor Andrew Cuomo pointed out that although the number of cases continues to increase the rate at which they grow, it is slowing down and the registry of infected people has gone from doubling every two days to taking six days to do so.


DECLARATIONS AGAINST BOLSONARO

Three former presidential candidates, a governor and the presidents of six progressive parties and other leaders of the center-left demanded the resignation of the Brazilian ruler, Jair Bolsonaro, whom they consider “incapable” of facing the crisis caused by COVID-19.

A manifesto made public today maintains that Bolsonaro “is not in a position to continue ruling” and “facing a crisis that compromises health and the economy”, but that it is systematically denied by the ruler himself, who has minimized the pandemic and even It has considered the coronavirus as a “flu”.

Likewise, the Argentine president, Alberto Fernández, regretted that his Brazilian counterpart “does not understand the seriousness of the problem” of the coronavirus and expressed himself very concerned because it “complicates” the regional situation.


THE “TSUNAMI” OF THE CORONAVIRUS IS COMING

Given the seriousness of the situation, New York authorities warned on Monday that the coronavirus “tsunami” is coming and that the city is still waiting for the “hardest weeks”, coinciding with the arrival in port of the USNS Comfort hospital ship of the Armed Forces with the aim of relieving pressure on the city’s hospitals.

“The tsunami is coming. We know it is time to gather supplies and make preparations because yesterday was too late,” said state governor Andrew Cuomo in an interview on the MSNBC channel.

The USNS Comfort departed this Saturday from Norfork (Virginia) and will begin operating this Tuesday with the mission of “serving New Yorkers who do not have the virus but require urgent (medical) care” in order to free up capacity in hospitals, as President Trump explained.


DIFFICULTIES BETWEEN VULNERABLE

In the midst of the public health crisis, the system’s gaps and the social inequality that exists on the continent have also shone, which puts the vulnerable population in countries such as Venezuela or Cuba, where there is not even enough supply, in an even more critical situation. of basic toiletries.

The environmental organization Greenpeace also denounced that more than 350,000 Chileans in rural areas suffer “constant water supply cuts” that prevent them from washing their hands frequently and leaving them exposed to contagion by COVID-19, for which it demanded that the government guarantee water resources.

On the other hand, thousands of Salvadorans took to the streets this Monday in the middle of the mandatory household quarantine in search of a $ 300 food voucher announced by the country’s president, Nayib Bukele, for more than 75% of households, according to what he was able to do. verify Efe.

On Friday night, the Salvadoran president announced the launch of a website in which citizens had to enter the number of their identity document to know if they were beneficiaries of the bond, but it collapsed due to the amount of income.


TRIPS HOME

With the borders of most countries closed, limitations on flights and sea transport, the return home for thousands of people has become quite a journey.

Bolivia ruled out the possibility of opening its border with Chile to repatriate some 150 Bolivians seeking to return to their country, arguing that there are no conditions for them to comply with the quarantine.

For its part, Ecuador announced that humanitarian flights will be suspended for the duration of the quarantine of Ecuadorians who have already arrived in the country, about 700 according to the Foreign Ministry.

A total of 435 Europeans, mostly French, boarded a plane to leave Guatemala for the Charles de Gaulle airport in Paris, supported by their embassy.

In addition, it was known today that the passage through the Panama Canal last night of the Zandaam cruise ship, where COVID-19 cases were detected and 4 deaths were registered, was “exceptional”, said the administrator of the waterway, Ricaurte Vásquez, who qualified that the current norm “is that a ship that arrives with signs of coronavirus should not transit”.


RESILIENCE

The coronavirus hit has been blunt in the finances of the companies and today just the Macy’s department store in the United States announced that they will fire this week the “majority” of its 130,000 employees and keep only the necessary personnel “for operations basic “.

On this same day, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) warned that “a deep recession in Europe is already inevitable” in 2020 due to the pandemic, since each month of economic quarantine subtracts 3% of annual GDP.

Despite this scenario, the main reference market in America, Wall Street, has been resilient and closed the first session of the week with moderate gains after its main indicator, the Dow Jones, rose 3.19% after a positive reaction from investors to the efforts of authorities and companies to combat COVID-19.

In Latin America, Peru has decided in an unprecedented measure to open the box where it kept the tax savings of the last decades to contain the COVID-19 pandemic. Peru will also invest 12% of its gross domestic product to face the economic impact of the pandemic.

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